An execution near Hluboka

Přemysl Otakar II., the alleged founder of Hluboká and Vítek family were enemies for many years. The great shock was then experienced amongst the Bohemian nobility, when a member of Vítek family Záviš from Falkenštejn lived with widow Kunhuta, when Přemysl Otakar II died. Today we can hardly say if the motive for their love was rational or it was a true love. A fable says, that they loved each other very much.

Kunhuta met with Záviš for the first time in times when she was 34 and the nobleman was 30 years old. Kunhuta was a wellknown beauty who was funny and very taklative. Záviš was also very handsome, he was wise and charming. What is more, he helped Kunhuta and her son – king Václav – to gain some privileges.

Záviš had a great influence on Kunhuta´s son Václav and Václav considered Záviš to be his second father. After few years the marriage between Záviš and Kunhuta was allowed, however, shortly after the marriage she died. (probably on tuberculosis)

Záviš did a huge mistake when in trying to save his position he married immediately a sister of hungarian king, Elisabeth. Meanwhile he was out from Bohemia and enjoying his time with very passionate Elisabeth, his opponents turned the king Václav on their side. When Záviš´s son was born, he even invited to the christening the king Václav. He was enticed away to Prague where Václav ordered to imprison him.

An army that carried Záviš walked to all the castles that were owned by Vítek family. The army threatened that if the gates of the castle would not be open voluntarily, they would execute Záviš. Every castle surrendered but the complications begun in Hluboká. That was owned by Záviš´s young brother Vítek, who did not believe the threats (fable says that Záviš shouted that he would rather die than loosing Hluboká). However, Mikuláš Opavský, the leader of the army, meant his threats seriously.

Záviš was beheaded on the meadow near Hluboká, for the good view of the defenders who refused to surrender. The popular part of the story says about the way Záviš was beheaded. It is claimed that Záviš´s head was cut by a sharpened batten. (prkno in czech) Historians say that it is not true. In the old chronicles can be found a chapter about executing by „plkno“, that actually was not sharpened batten, but a special executing sword.